C and C++ are two widely used programming languages that also serve as assembly languages. Though both C vs C++ seem quite similar (the latter has an additional “++”). But their features and applications are not identical at all.
C++ is an upgraded version of the C programming language that supports object-oriented programming. C is a procedural programming language with a static framework.
That is why C is useful and supports the development of C++ programming skills. C and C++ are the most popular learning and skill development languages among the top 700 programming languages.
This article is for you if you’ve ever wondered what the major differences between C vs C++ are. So, scroll down the page to know more. But before moving to the differences, first, let’s check out all the similarities that C and C++ have.
What is C programming language?
C is a general-purpose computer programming language that allows for recursion, standard machine instructions, structured programming, and variables in a static system.
Furthermore, the C programming language enables programmers to manipulate addresses, bits, and bytes. Along with this, it provides rapid development control.
In 1972, Dennis M. Ritchie created the C programming language for use with the UNIX operating system. Initially, programmers designed systems, especially operating systems, using the C language. It gradually found its way into compilers, utilizers, text editors, assemblers, databases, and other programmes.
What is the C++ programming language?
C++ is an improved version of Bjarne Stroustrup’s C programming language, which he created in 1986.
It is capable of handling a wide range of hardware and running programs in a variety of environments. That is why C++ is one of the most popular programming languages for developing dynamic and agile software. It manages system resources and performs vital tasks.
C vs C++: Major similarities among both programming languages
- Both languages have the equivalent code structure.
- They have a similar fundamental syntax. And the syntax of both languages is comparable.
- C++ considers a little more complex language than C, but the fundamentals are the same.
- Both languages have a comparable compilation.
- Both languages have the same concepts of the stack, file-scope, heap, and static variables.
- C++ has nearly all of C’s keywords and operators, and they all perform the same thing.
- Both models’ basic memory models are fairly similar to the hardware.
Major differences among both languages C vs C++:
|C Programming Language||C++ Programming Language|
|Polymorphism, inheritance, and encapsulation are not supported in C, hence object-oriented programming is not possible.||Because it is an object-oriented programming language, C++ provides encapsulation, polymorphism, and inheritance.|
|Inheritance, polymorphism, encapsulation are not supported in C, implying that object-oriented programming is not possible.||Because it is an object-oriented programming language, C++ provides encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism.|
|C is a procedural programming language, it is a function-driven language.||C++ is an object-oriented programming language. And it is also an object-driven language.|
|C includes the calloc and malloc methods, as well as free() for deallocation of the memory.||operator for new memory allocation and a deleted memory deallocation.|
|not allow for the hiding of information.||Encapsulation hides data to guarantee that operators and data structures are utilised correctly.|
|C allows procedural programming for code development.||Because it supports both object-oriented and procedural programming paradigms, C++ is regarded as a hybrid language.|
|In C, functions do not define within structures.||In C++, functions use within a structure.|
Are both C and C++ promising for the upcoming years?
Many programmers and technology lovers believe that languages like C and C++ will have little effect in the current decade. But C vs C++, on the other hand, remain attractive career paths for all future programmers and developers. And the reason for this is the development capabilities and the vast variety of applications.
Other programming languages are emerging with more features and functions, but they all serve different objectives. You may master the programming languages that develop an interest in you without worrying about career paths.
So, we can say that both languages have the potential to make the best career. But it is up to you what you want to pursue and for what purpose.
Let’s wrap it up!
We have already discussed that both (C vs C++) are procedural languages that may be used for a variety of tasks. However, the primary difference between C and C++ is that C does not support objects or classes, whereas C++ is one of the object-oriented programming languages.
C is a quick, procedural, and efficient programming language with modularity and a large collection of built-in operations. C++, unlike C, is a procedural language with object-oriented programming. It’s also straightforward, machine-independent, and case-sensitive.