If we remove the wheel-tyre unit from your car, you cannot move it even if all the components are present there. We are not talking about the movement of your car only but Tyres Burton on Trent are important for other aspects as well.
For example, Continental Tyres Burton on Trent are there to carry the weight of the vehicle. Moreover, they grip the road surface properly to prevent skidding, especially in unfavorable road conditions. In this blog, we will talk about the history of tyres and how they evolved.
Let us begin with the discussion of wheels!
Evolution of wheels
The invention of the wheel is the greatest work of humans in history. The first signs of the invention of wheels took place just before the Bronze Age in the Neolithic era. With this invention, humans learned to cover short distances with the help of ancient and simple designs of carts.
The basic design of tyres
A layer of wooden wheels was not ideal to travel because of wear and tear. Because of the constant movement of wooden wheels, they wore down quickly because of harsh road conditions.
Thus, our ancestors made a plan to add a layer of leather that was able to absorb damage. Moreover, this additional layer was easy to change and this design was quite affordable as well. So, a band of leather attached to a wooden wheel was the earliest design of today’s wheel –tyre unit.
During the process of improvements, researchers used steel Tyres Online Burton on Trent for using in metal train wheels.
Discovery of Vulcanisation
Charles Goodyear discovered vulcanization to change the history of tyres forever. In this process, technicians heat the rubber material with sulfur. This process changes the rubber material into a firm material that is perfect for making tyres. After some years, vulcanization takes an improved form and soon, the rubber material becomes the main element of the tyre manufacturing process.
Tyres made of rubber were strong, durable and they efficiently absorb shocks on bumpy roads.
However, the research and development were still going on!
Robert W. Thompson in 1847 created the design of the first air-filled tyres. This idea was not in practical use at first but later in 1888, John Boyd Dunlop made a successful design of the first pneumatic tyres.
Bias Plies and Radial Tyres
Bias play tyres were the tyres of the new generation after 1920 when the use of synthetic rubber was very popular.
They contained two basic parts called an inflated tyre tube and casing, the outer part of tyres. Layers called plies made the outer casing of tyres.
Radial tyres were a more improved design of tyres and drivers use them even nowadays as an essential part of modern vehicles.
How do experts make modern tyres?
At the time of discussion about modern tyres, we have to consider the two main aspects called tyre material and tyre tread.
Experts make modern new tyres with the help of natural and synthetic rubber material. Moreover, substances like silica, fabric, metal and carbon black also make modern designs of tyres.
Different combinations of these tyre materials may change the behavior of your tyres entirely. For example, a special rubber material is used to make winter tyres that remain soft even in freezing temperatures.
The other important aspect of tyre manufacturing is the tread pattern. You must see different designs made on the surface of tyres. This grooved surface of tyres touches the ground directly and is called tyre tread.
The tyre tread pattern is important to provide proper grip and traction to the tyres. The role of tyre tread is more important when the weather condition is not favorable for drivers.
For example, winter tyres on snow make perfect grip because of increased sipes. On the other hand, summer tyres hold the road effectively in the summer season because of their specialized tread design.
Types of modern tyres
Based on different tyre materials and tread patterns, different tyre types are available in the market. Some common examples of tyre types are winter tyres, summer tyres, all-season tyres, run-flat tyres, all-terrain tyres, mud tyres and high-performance tyres.
These types of tyres are useful for drivers who may have different driving objectives.
For example, mud-terrain Tyres Burton on Trent tyres are useful for those who want to drive their cars on only uneven surfaces.